Beyond Greed and Grievance:
Volume 4, Issue 2, MarchPages: To cite this article: American Journal of Applied Psychology. It has been experienced with a number of armed conflicts, ethno-linguistic disputes, religious radicalism where in it catches the attention of most developed nations including US for their strategic interest over the region.
Accordingly, this paper attempted to identify and critically analyze the due reasons for an escalated war and instability throughout the region. By collecting secondary data from different reliable and verifiable sources, the data were analyzed using a combination of interpretivism and constructivism to guide the qualitative method of research.
Hence, the output of the research depicted that the HOA is challenged by diversified intra-state and inter-state conflicts among the neighboring countries owing to economic, social, political and historical grounds.
Most of them were rooting to boarder and territorial conflicts and ethnic and religious polarization. There are also resource centered disputes especially on the Red Sea, Indian Ocean and River Nile the start of Ethiopia to construct The Great Renaissance Dam brings tension and anxiety among the three competing countries i.
Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt. Though it is less sever, an armed cattle-raiding conflict in the frontier border lines of some of the states of the horn make them in trouble occasionally. Footed on identity conflicts, clan or religious based political parties struggle for power by provoking the peaceful society to get in to violence for their personal interests at the expense of the community.
Even after they took power these parties will be either dictatorial or against good governance which drives multifaceted dispute with in a society.
However, it is possible to peacefully resolve or prevent these issues including anticipating possible conflicts to early warn them, strategic intervention and necessary action, if required, by the sub-regional, regional and international organizations.
It is pertinent to use cultural conflict resolution methods by involving ethnic figureheads and religious leaders for discussion and to hamper conflict escalations.
Background of the Study Conflict is undesirable. In its violent form, it claims the lives of many people, destroys property, and diverts human as well as financial resources away from development.
The Horn region is one of the most conflict-ravaged areas on the African continent. It is a region well known in African politics of being a volatile, hostile and poor place due to numerous conflicts, wars, and colorizations.
The populations of the region have endured many inter-state and intra-state armed conflicts. The fact that the Horn of Africa is central to the politics of the USA, Europe and the Arab world has gained worldwide recognition due to the frequent incidents of war in the region.
The solution for the conflicts in the area should be sought in the context of the history, political system, religious affiliations and economic relations of the Horn countries to the rest of the world. Recent changes in the political order of the world may have also changed the influence of the East on the Horn countries.
This has been demonstrated in the direction western countries are taking on matters concerning the Horn countries especially after the end of the cold war.
This, however, does not mean that the old ties between the Horn countries and the East has been broken. The tie between them has only been loosened and it can be tightened in times of emergency. This factor can intensify conflicts between neighbouring countries of the Horn Shemelis Gizaw, Violent conflict is more the norm than the exception in the Horn of Africa.
Conflicts are waged at various levels: Conflict involves various actors:Please contribute to our project! We seek your assistance in helping to create a descriptive list (see below) of existing IR paradigms, approaches and rutadeltambor.com you know of a particular IR theory, for example, that is not listed and described below, please e-mail the name of the theory and a brief description of it to Mark Beavis at [email protected] As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria.
Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo. Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from rutadeltambor.com bamis() analyzed the causes of ethnic civil war, separating the ethnic war from the cal grievancesrather than economic grievance.
Our analysis also corroboratestheimportance 4. of the socio-political variables in explaining the incidence of ethnic-civil war. with low level of democracy is the most important political cause of. The Cold War was both created and prolonged by the interconnected economic and ideological tensions of the East and West Blocs.
The ideological systems of the two powers were viewed as being complete opposites in their goals and experienced increasing animosity toward each other.
The American Empire. By Wade Frazier. Revised July Purpose and Disclaimer. Timeline.
Introduction. The New World Before “Discovery,” and the First Contacts. Strategy is essentially a matter of common sense. At its most basic, strategy is simply a matter of figuring out what we need to achieve, determining the best way to use the resources at our disposal to achieve it, then executing the plan.