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George Washington was appointed the commander-in-chief and he served throughout the war without pay, requesting only that his expenses be paid. Washington was immediately confronted by the lack of discipline and training in his troops, and he devoted the entire war to building a fighting force from inexperienced and generally short-term soldiers.
The Continental Army suffered from the shortcomings of the Continental Congress. The Congress had no authority to legislate, to levy taxes, or to raise troops except by appeals to volunteers. They could only request that the states provide soldiers and funds with which to pay them, which was never easy.
The states had their own militias, which they would from time to time provide to support the regular army, but which they might also prefer to support as the militias were dedicated to local defense.
Throughout the war, the continental soldiers were poorly armed, poorly clothed, poorly fed, and poorly paid. The rifles they carried were an assortment of home made and imported weapons. The men from the frontiers used long rifles that had longer range than their British opponents, and they were often better shots.
There was no uniform, and many soldiers were reduced to rags. Although Crispus Attucks, a black man, was the first American to die from British fire in the American Revolution at the Boston Massacrethis did not signify a tolerant attitude on the part of all revolutionary leaders.
Horatio Gates, as adjutant general of the new Continental Army, issue instructions to recruiters in Massachusetts: You are not to enlist any deserter from the ministerial army, nor any stroller, Negro, or vagabond, or person suspected of being an enemy of the liberty of America, nor any under eighteen years of age.
There are no reliable figures as to the number of men who served in the Continental Army. The rolls indicate thatmen enlisted, but many were for short duration and reenlistments can be counted twice. Washington had as few as men at the worst of the winter of Valley Forge and never more than the 26, he commanded in November, In April,Banjamin Rush was appointed surgeon general of the army.
He developed a very negative view of the standard of medical care of the soldiers and wrote to Washington on December 26, sharply criticizing Dr. William Shippen, the director of the medical service. Washington referred the question to Congress, which cleared Shippen of the charges.
Unhappy with the turn of events, Rush wrote anonymously to Patrick Henry on January 12,suggesting that George Washington should be replaced.
Henry sent the letter to Washington, who recognized Rush as the author and rebuked him. Rush then retired to private practice in Philadelphia. By earlyit became evident to Washington that the organization of the army needed to be reformed.On June 17th, , the same day that George Washington was commissioned General and Commander in Chief of the Continental Army, British and American forces engaged in the first major pitched battle of the Revolutionary War at Bunker Hill, Massachusetts.
The Founders' Faith - George Washington, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, religion, faith, beliefs, Thomas Jefferson. In this unit, students will read the Continental Congress's resolutions granting powers to General Washington; analyze some of Washington's wartime orders, dispatches, and correspondence in terms of his mission and the characteristics of a good general.
President Washington would rule a union of states wildly different from the modern U.S. The West remained generally unsettled—populated and contested by still powerful Indian confederacies, led. Oct 29, · Watch video · George Washington () was commander in chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War () and served two terms as the first U.S.
president, from to George Washington – first American president, commander of the Continental Army, president of the Constitutional Convention, and gentleman planter.
Learn more about the many varied roles that George Washington excelled in and tremendous legacy that he left for America and the World. George.