Carl Rogers proposed that therapy could be simpler, warmer and more optimistic than that carried out by behavioral or psychodynamic psychologists. His view differs sharply from the psychodynamic and behavioral approaches in that he suggested that clients would be better helped if they were encouraged to focus on their current subjective understanding rather than on some unconscious motive or someone else's interpretation of the situation. Rogers strongly believed that in order for a client's condition to improve therapists should be warm, genuine and understanding.
He wrote 16 books and many more journal articles describing it. Prochaska and Norcross states Rogers "consistently stood for an empirical evaluation of psychotherapy.
He and his followers have demonstrated a humanistic approach to conducting Carl rogers theory of person centered approach and a scientific approach to evaluating therapy need not be incompatible. The organism reacts to the field as it is experienced and perceived.
This perceptual field is "reality" for the individual. The organism reacts as an organized whole to this phenomenal field. A portion of the total perceptual field gradually becomes differentiated as the self. As a result of interaction with the environment, and particularly as a result of evaluational interaction with others, the structure of the self is formed—an organized, fluid but consistent conceptual pattern of perceptions of characteristics and relationships of the "I" or the "me", together with values attached to these concepts.
The organism has one basic tendency and striving—to actualize, maintain and enhance the experiencing organism. The best vantage point for understanding behavior is from the internal frame of reference of the individual.
Behavior is basically the goal-directed attempt of the organism to satisfy its needs as experienced, in the field as perceived. Emotion accompanies, and in general facilitates, such goal directed behavior, the kind of emotion being related to the perceived significance of the behavior for the maintenance and enhancement of the organism.
The values attached to experiences, and the values that are a part of the self-structure, in some instances, are values experienced directly by the organism, and in some instances are values introjected or taken over from others, but perceived in distorted fashion, as if they had been experienced directly.
As experiences occur in the life of the individual, they are either, a symbolized, perceived and organized into some relation to the self, b ignored because there is no perceived relationship to the self structure, c denied symbolization or given distorted symbolization because the experience is inconsistent with the structure of the self.
Most of the ways of behaving that are adopted by the organism are those that are consistent with the concept of self. In some instances, behavior may be brought about by organic experiences and needs which have not been symbolized.
Such behavior may be inconsistent with the structure of the self but in such instances the behavior is not "owned" by the individual. Psychological adjustment exists when the concept of the self is such that all the sensory and visceral experiences of the organism are, or may be, assimilated on a symbolic level into a consistent relationship with the concept of self.
Psychological maladjustment exists when the organism denies awareness of significant sensory and visceral experiences, which consequently are not symbolized and organized into the gestalt of the self structure.
When this situation exists, there is a basic or potential psychological tension. Any experience which is inconsistent with the organization of the structure of the self may be perceived as a threat, and the more of these perceptions there are, the more rigidly the self structure is organized to maintain itself.
Under certain conditions, involving primarily complete absence of threat to the self structure, experiences which are inconsistent with it may be perceived and examined, and the structure of self revised to assimilate and include such experiences.
When the individual perceives and accepts into one consistent and integrated system all her sensory and visceral experiences, then she is necessarily more understanding of others and is more accepting of others as separate individuals. As the individual perceives and accepts into his self structure more of his organic experiences, he finds that he is replacing his present value system—based extensively on introjections which have been distortedly symbolized—with a continuing organismic valuing process.
In relation to No. The main issue is the development of a self-concept and the progress from an undifferentiated self to being fully differentiated. It is a gestalt which is available to awareness though not necessarily in awareness.
It is a fluid and changing gestalt, a process, but at any given moment it is a specific entity. Rogers,  In the development of the self-concept, he saw conditional and unconditional positive regard as key.
Those raised in an environment of unconditional positive regard have the opportunity to fully actualize themselves. Those raised in an environment of conditional positive regard feel worthy only if they match conditions what Rogers describes as conditions of worth that have been laid down for them by others.
Fully functioning person[ edit ] Optimal development, as referred to in proposition 14, results in a certain process rather than static state. He describes this as the good life, where the organism continually aims to fulfill its full potential.
He listed the characteristics of a fully functioning person Rogers An increasingly existential lifestyle — living each moment fully — not distorting the moment to fit personality or self-concept but allowing personality and self-concept to emanate from the experience.
This results in excitement, daring, adaptability, tolerance, spontaneity, and a lack of rigidity and suggests a foundation of trust.Carl Rogers () was a humanistic psychologist who agreed with the main assumptions of Abraham Maslow, but added that for a person to "grow", they need an environment that provides them with genuineness (openness and self-disclosure), acceptance (being seen with unconditional positive regard), and empathy (being .
Founder: Carl Rogers. Key figure: Natalie Rogers. A branch of humanistic psychology that stresses a phenomenological approach, person-centered therapy was originally developed in the s as a reaction against psychoanalytic therapy.
Non-directive, client-centered, and person-centered. These are terms used to describe the therapeutic approach developed by Carl Rogers.
It can be quite confusing what the difference is between.
Carl Rogers. Carl Ransom Rogers (January 8, – February 4, ) was an influential American psychologist and among the founders of the humanistic approach to psychology. Rogers is widely considered to be one of the founding fathers of psychotherapy research and was honored for his pioneering research with the Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions by the American . What is the Person-Centred Approach? The Person-Centred Approach developed from the work of the psychologist Dr. Carl Rogers ( – ). He advanced an approach to psychotherapy and counselling that, at the time (s – s), was considered extremely radical if not revolutionary. Person-centered therapy was developed by Carl Rogers in the s. This type of therapy diverged from the traditional model of the therapist as expert and moved instead toward a nondirective.
Approach* Person-centered psychotherapy (also known as client-centered or Rogerian therapy) is a form of talk therapy developed by Carl Rogers in the s and s. The purpose of this form of therapy is to increase CARL ROGERS ON PERSON-CENTERED THERAPY.
Carl Rogers on Person-Centered Therapy. the. Rogers: Rogers.
Person-centered therapy, also known as Rogerian therapy, originated in the work of the American psychologist, Carol Rogers, who believed that everyone is different and, therefore, everyone’s.
Carl Rogers – Client Centered Theory Carl Rogers theory grew out of his years of practice as a clinician. He was a firm believer in the potential of each person.