Downsizing Deviance This is the indifference to lower levels of a given transgressive behaviour as higher levels of such behaviour become more frequent and, hence, more significant. However, many studies have shown that the incidence and cost of vandalism are high and rising.
Social Costs Vestermark and Blauvelt state: The impact of a 79 cent can of spray paint, used to paint racial epithets on a hallway wall, far exceeds the monetary cost of removing the paint. A racial confrontation could result, which might force the closing of the school for an indefinite period Reilly asserts: The victim of vandalism experiences a sense of having been singled out by an unkind fate, a heightened sense of vulnerability, of not being safe even on his own grounds; there is a sense of impotent rage and a desire for revenge The victim of vandalism becomes more alienated from his neighbours Research has shown that incivility leads to more incivility and that litter, broken windows, abandoned buildings, and the like create a sense of disorder and decline which may lower the inhibition level of both residents and passersby and thus permit and in a sense encourage further such deteriorative behavior.
Vestermark and Blauvelt created four types of vandalism in terms of monetary and social costs: Overall in this group, vandalism was regarded as less serious than either shoplifting or breaking and entering. Prevalence of Vandalism According to Chepynoha and Parwicki: The importance of this survey is that acts which are most likely seen as serious by most of the community, are not consistently seen that way by the high school students who may be the very perpetrators of such acts.Vandalism is "action involving deliberate destruction of or damage to public or private property"..
The term also includes criminal damage such as graffiti and defacement directed towards any property without permission of the owner. The term finds its roots in an Enlightenment view that the Germanic Vandals were a uniquely destructive people. In my assignment I am going to be defining crime and deviance, formal and informal deviance, societal and situational deviance and the sources that can rutadeltambor.com of behavior that is illegal or considered to be “commonly sensed” by other people to be deviant e.
g. spraying graffiti on walls, vandalism, being in a gang, using rude.
CHAPTER 1 WHY STUDY VANDALISM? DOWNSIZING DEVIANCE A major part of my early preparation for the writing of this book involved a broad and deep literature search on the topic of vandalism.
A level sociology revision – education, families, research methods, crime and deviance and more!
Transcript of Deviance of Graffiti. or sprayed illicitly on a wall or other surface in a public place.
What Is Graffiti? Deviance: Differing from a norm or from the accepted standards of a society. The Basics Public Interpretations and Opinions Despite ever changing view, graffiti is still illegal.
Graffiti is a form of vandalism of public. This short chapter examines the inherent contradictions of graffiti often thought of in simple polarities, such as legal vs. illegal, or art vs. vandalism.