Essay on the Max Webers views on Socialism Sociology Critically assess Max Webers views on socialism, democracy and the role of political leadership The study of politics is, for many sociologists, the study of power. Differentials in power can occur in numbers of different social relationships, for example between parents and children or teachers and pupils, thus any relationship that involves power differentials might be considered to be political. Elite Theory Within sociology a distinction is often made between two kinds of power, these are authority and coercion. Coercion is a form of power that does not have the consent of the people, such as the Roman invasion of other countries, and is therefore power that is obtained by force and not legitimate Authority is that form of power that has the consent of the people, as when society accepts that Parliament has the right to make certain laws.
References and Further Reading 1. Life and Works Alfred Schutz was born in Vienna in He was an only child in an upper-middle-class Austrian Jewish family and had a strong mother.
In his youth he attended a classical Gymnasium in Vienna and developed a lifelong interest in music. After his serving in World War I, he received his doctorate in the philosophy of law at Vienna under Hans Kelsen in three years; studied marginal-utility economics; and became interested in the interpretative verstehende sociology of Max Weber.
Schutz completed Der sinnhafte Aufbau der sozialen Welt in On the recommendation of Tomoo Otaka as well as Kaufmann, he sent a copy to Husserl, who invited him to Freiburg and soon asked him to become his assistant.
It was necessary, however, for Schutz to continue his career as a banking executive in order to support his family. Husserl called him an executive by day and a phenomenologist by night.
He visited Husserl often until the latter's death in and continued to write essays, especially in the philosophy of economics. After the Nazi Anschluss, he helped many others flee the Nazis; he himself moved first to Paris and then to New York, where he continued to work in a private banking firm.
Soon he also began teaching sociology and eventually philosophy in the evenings at the Graduate Faculty of Political and Social Science of the New School for Social Research. His correspondence with Aron Gurwitsch well documents his thinking from untilwhen he died.
Schutz published dozens of essays in the United States and began working toward a second book during his last decade.
Before his death, however, he was only able to outline an arrangement of passages from various essays, eventually fleshed out by Thomas Luckmann in two volumes. But Schutz had also managed to plan several volumes of Collected Papers that his widow and two other students quickly edited after his death.
Moreover, translations of the Aufbau into English as well as it and volumes of papers into a number of Western and Asian languages began in the s. His quite extensive, international, and multidisciplinary influence is still growing within and beyond philosophy.
His oeuvre also continues to reward close study. Several international conferences were held in the centennial year ofand there is a video of his life and work. Phenomenological Philosophy of the Social Sciences If phenomenology is comprehended in the strict signification now sometimes qualified as Husserlianthere can be no doubt that Alfred Schutz is the preeminent phenomenological philosopher of the social sciences.
But such a characterization needs to be comprehended carefully. In his book Schutz lists not only economics, jurisprudence, sociology, and political science, but also biography and the histories of art, economics, music, philosophy, and politics and implicitly archaeology as "Sozialwissenschaften.
This list can seem odd today because the historical sciences and jurisprudence are not usually considered social sciences, at least in the United States.
A broader title seems necessary. One gets the most from studying Schutz if one bears in mind that his philosophy of the cultural sciences is concerned with all of the above listed disciplines. What is particularly interesting about Schutz's position, is, however, his recognition that the cultural or social scientists regularly reflect on those same themes, that is, that they too engage in science theory.Critically assess Max Webers views on socialism, democracy and the role of political leadership.
The study of politics is, for many sociologists, the study of power. Responsibility. We evaluate people and groups as responsible or not, depending on how seriously they take their responsibilities.
Often we do this informally, via moral judgment. Compare and contrast Marx and Weber's theories of social change.
Karl Marx ( - ) and Max Weber ( - ) have often been regarded as the founding fathers of interpretive sociology, or of the social action approach within sociology. Marx and Weber’s characteristics of .
SPT: Max Weber () rutadeltambor.com Weber’s work had a profound influence on twentieth century social and political theory. In this lecture, we will consider Weber’s methodological approach, before turning to his account of modernity, bureaucracy and the state.
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Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays. An A-level sociology essay written for the AQA’s (1) specification, exam paper 1. This is the long, ‘overkill’ version of the essay, written using the PEAC system (Point – Explain – Analyse – Criticise).