Fagan Pennsylvania State University Introduction Augustus is arguably the single most important figure in Roman history. In the course of his long and spectacular career, he put an end to the advancing decay of the Republic and established a new basis for Roman government that was to stand for three centuries. This system, termed the "Principate," was far from flawless, but it provided the Roman Empire with a series of rulers who presided over the longest period of unity, peace, and prosperity that Western Europe, the Middle East and the North African seaboard have known in their entire recorded history.
Throughout his long reign Louis XIV — never lost the hold over his people he had assumed at the beginning. He succeeded his father on May 14, At the age of four years and eight months, he was, according to the laws of the kingdom, not only the master but the owner of the bodies and property of 19 million subjects.
He once narrowly escaped drowning in a pond because no one was watching him. This marked the beginning of the long civil war known as the Frondein the course of which Louis suffered poverty, misfortune, fear, humiliation, cold, and hunger. These trials shaped the future character, behaviour, and mode of thought of the young king.
He would never forgive either Paristhe nobles, or the common people. The war begun in between France and Spain was then entering its last phase. The outcome of the war would transfer European hegemony from the Habsburgs to the Bourbons.
A French king had to be a soldier, and so Louis served his apprenticeship on the battlefield. In Louis faced the great conflict between love and duty, a familiar one for princes of that period.
The childhood of Louis XIV was at an end, but no one believed him capable of seizing the reins of power. No one suspected his thoughts.
In my heart I prefer fame above all else, even life itself. The young king Mazarin died on March 9, The dramatic blow came on March The king informed his astonished ministers that he intended to assume all responsibility for ruling the kingdom. This had not occurred since the reign of Henry IV.
From this conviction he gained not only a dangerous feeling of infallibility but also considerable serenity and moderation. He was backed up first by the great ministers Jean-Baptiste Colbertmarquis de Louvoisand Hugues de Lionneamong whom he fostered dissension, and later by men of lesser capacity.
For 54 years Louis devoted himself to his task eight hours a day; not the smallest detail escaped his attention. He wanted to control everything from court etiquette to troop movements, from road building to theological disputes.
He succeeded because he faithfully reflected the mood of a France overflowing with youth and vigour and enamoured of grandeur. Louis lured them to his court, corrupted them with gambling, exhausted them with dissipationand made their destinies dependent on their capacity to please him.
Etiquette became a means of governing. From that time, the nobility ceased to be an important factor in French politics, which in some respects weakened the nation.
He knew well how to make use of them. The king energetically devoted himself to building new residences.
Little remains of his splendid palaces at Saint-Germain and Marly, but Versailles —cursed as extravagant even as it was under construction and accused of having ruined the nation—still stands.
Reproduced by permission of the trustees of the Wallace Collection, London; photograph, J. Versailles was approximately the price of a modern airport; it was an object of universal admiration and enhanced French prestige.
All the power of the government was brought to bear in the construction of Versailles. Louis XIV was not wrong, as some have claimed, to remove himself from unhealthful and tumultuous Paris, but he erred in breaking with the wandering tradition of his ancestors.
The monarchy became increasingly isolated from the people and thereby assumed a decidedly mythical quality. Manufacturers, the navy and merchant marinea modern police organization, roads, ports, and canals all emerged at about the same time.
After a brilliant campaign, the king had to retreat in the face of English and especially Dutch pressure.Free Essay: The era dominated by Roman empire is one the most well-known and influential periods of history, home to famous names from Julius Caesar to Jesus.
The Fall of the Western Roman Empire (also called Fall of the Roman Empire or Fall of Rome) was the process of decline in the Western Roman Empire in which the Empire failed to enforce its rule, and its vast territory was divided into several successor rutadeltambor.com Roman Empire lost the strengths that had allowed it to exercise effective control over its Western provinces; modern historians.
A century ago, Roman Empire represented a success story for imperialist Britain as well as other European states with imperial ambitions. The Roman story of conquest was imitated, but never fully matched or even replicated.
The dream that an imperial empire could not only conquer, but also create a. The fall of the empire did fall. The fall of the Roman Empire was caused when there was less loyalty to Rome. The Urban Centers start to col. The Roman Empire was one of the most powerful empires in the history of mankind.
In fact, it may even be considered the most powerful empire to have ever existed. However, the mighty empire of Rome has fallen.
There are many events which many scholars and historians believe have lead to the fall of 3/5(9). An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers. DIR Atlas AUGUSTUS (31 B.C. - 14 A.D.) [Additional entry on this emperor's life is available in DIR Archives].
Fagan Pennsylvania State University. Introduction Augustus is arguably the single most important figure in Roman history.