The subscriber base of telecom products have increased with the introduction of Prepaid services, the increase of subscriber base continued due to other new products driven by new technologies like 2G, 3G etc… bringing data transfers which in turn brought the internet on the users mobile devices. A major role was played by the handset industry in the growth of the subscriber base by bringing in handsets at competitive prices.
A replica of one of Chappe's semaphore towers Homing pigeons have occasionally been used throughout history by different cultures. Pigeon post had Persian roots, and was later used by the Romans to aid their military. Frontinus said that Julius Caesar used pigeons as messengers in his conquest of Gaul.
And inPaul Julius Reuter started a pigeon service to fly stock prices between Aachen and Brusselsa service that operated for a year until the gap in the telegraph link was closed. Beacon chains suffered the drawback that they could only pass a single bit of information, so the meaning of the message such as "the enemy has been sighted" had to be agreed upon in advance.
One notable instance of their use was during the Spanish Armadawhen a beacon chain relayed a signal from Plymouth to London. As a result of competition from the electrical telegraph, the last commercial line was abandoned in His code was an important advance over Wheatstone's signaling method.
The first transatlantic telegraph cable was successfully completed on 27 Julyallowing transatlantic telecommunication for the first time. However Meucci's device was of little practical value because it relied upon the electrophonic effect and thus required users to place the receiver in their mouth to "hear" what was being said.
Voice and music were demonstrated in andbut had little early success. After the war, commercial radio AM broadcasting began in the s and became an important mass medium for entertainment and news. World War II again accelerated development of radio for the wartime purposes of aircraft and land communication, radio navigation and radar.
Baird's device relied upon the Nipkow disk and thus became known as the mechanical television. It formed the basis of experimental broadcasts done by the British Broadcasting Corporation beginning 30 September The first version of such a television to show promise was produced by Philo Farnsworth and demonstrated to his family on 7 September However, already in the s, researchers started to investigate packet switchinga technology that sends a message in portions to its destination asynchronously without passing it through a centralized mainframe.
While Internet development was a focus of the Internet Engineering Task Force IETF who published a series of Request for Comment documents, other networking advancement occurred in industrial laboratoriessuch as the local area network LAN developments of Ethernet and the token ring protocol [ citation needed ].
Key concepts[ edit ] Modern telecommunication is founded on a series of key concepts that experienced progressive development and refinement in a period of well over a century.
Basic elements[ edit ] Telecommunication technologies may primarily be divided into wired and wireless methods. Overall though, a basic telecommunication system consists of three main parts that are always present in some form or another: A transmitter that takes information and converts it to a signal.
A transmission mediumalso called the physical channel that carries the signal. An example of this is the "free space channel".
A receiver that takes the signal from the channel and converts it back into usable information for the recipient. For example, in a radio broadcasting station the station's large power amplifier is the transmitter; and the broadcasting antenna is the interface between the power amplifier and the "free space channel".
The free space channel is the transmission medium; and the receiver's antenna is the interface between the free space channel and the receiver. Next, the radio receiver is the destination of the radio signal, and this is where it is converted from electricity to sound for people to listen to.
Sometimes, telecommunication systems are "duplex" two-way systems with a single box of electronics working as both the transmitter and a receiver, or a transceiver. For example, a cellular telephone is a transceiver. This can be readily explained by the fact that radio transmitters contain power amplifiers that operate with electrical powers measured in watts or kilowattsbut radio receivers deal with radio powers that are measured in the microwatts or nanowatts.
Hence, transceivers have to be carefully designed and built to isolate their high-power circuitry and their low-power circuitry from each other, as to not cause interference.
Telecommunication over fixed lines is called point-to-point communication because it is between one transmitter and one receiver. Telecommunication through radio broadcasts is called broadcast communication because it is between one powerful transmitter and numerous low-power but sensitive radio receivers.
The sharing of physical channels using multiplexing often gives very large reductions in costs.Our latest trends report explores new technologies, challenges, growth opportunities, and key emerging areas in the telecommunications industry.
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FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS- INDUSTRY ANALYSIS By: NIYIGABA JEAN DE DIEU () TELECOMMUNICATIONS INDUSTRY rutadeltambor.comTION Telecommunication is a sector which includes telephone services, distribution of sounds, images, data or other information via cables, broadcasting, relay or satellite networks (Telecom industry .
The high-speed telecommunications market continues to be one of most dynamic and high-growth segments in broadband communications, both on the wireline and wireless front. Financial Post covers the latest news on telecom companies, backhaul, Ethernet, IPTV, and other trends driving the telecom industry into the future.