Sri lanka conflict resolution case study

This meeting provided the initial basis for a conference on population and conflict, held at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology one year later to review the evidence at hand. This report reflects the worthy contributions made by the participants attending the conference and highlights some distinctive patterns relating population to conflict behaviour at individual, national, and international levels. I believe that this report calls attention to new issues of concern in the field of population.

Sri lanka conflict resolution case study

Prehistory of Sri Lanka The pre-history of Sri Lanka goes backyears and possibly even as far back asyears. In these caves, archaeologists have found the remains of anatomically modern humans which they have named Balangoda Manand other evidence [37] suggesting that they may have engaged in agriculture and kept domestic dogs for driving game.

The 19th-century Irish historian James Emerson Tennent theorized that Gallea city in southern Sri Lanka, was the ancient seaport of Tarshish from which King Solomon is said to have drawn ivorypeacocksand other valuables.

Pre-Anuradhapura period Main article: Ancient cemeteries that were used before BC and other signs of advanced civilization has also been discovered in Sri Lanka.

Sri Lankan dynastic history ended inwhen the island became part of the British Empire. Thereafter, Anuradhapura served as the capital city of the country for nearly 1, years.

Bodhivamsa [53] Invasions Sri Lanka first experienced a foreign invasion during the reign of Suratissawho was defeated by two horse traders named Sena and Guttika from South India. Dutugemunuthe eldest son of the southern regional sub-king, Kavan Tissadefeated Elara in the Battle of Vijithapura.

He built Ruwanwelisayathe second stupa in ancient Sri Lanka, and the Lovamahapaya. These invaders were all subsequently driven back. Kala Wewa and the Avukana Buddha statue were built during the reign of Dhatusena. The council was held in response to a year in which the harvests in Sri Lanka were particularly poor and many Buddhist monks subsequently died of starvation.

Later periods Frescoes on the Sigiriya rock fortress in Matale District5th century Sri Lanka was the first Asian country known to have a female ruler: Anula of Anuradhapura r. The Sigiriya rock fortress is surrounded by an extensive network of ramparts and moats.

Inside this protective enclosure were gardens, ponds, pavilions, palaces and other structures. Biso Kotuwa, a peculiar construction inside a damis a technological marvel based on precise mathematics that allows water to flow outside the dam, keeping pressure on the dam to a minimum.

It maintained close ties with European civilisations including the Roman Empire. For example, Bhatikabhaya 22 BC — AD 7 sent an envoy to Rome who brought back red coralwhich was used to make an elaborate netlike adornment for the Ruwanwelisaya.

In addition, Sri Lankan male dancers witnessed the assassination of Caligula. Taking advantage of this situation, Rajendra Ison of Rajaraja I, launched a large invasion in Mahinda V was captured and taken to India, and the Cholas sacked the city of Anuradhapura. Subsequently, they moved the capital to Polonnaruwa.

Following a seventeen-year-long campaign, Vijayabahu I successfully drove the Chola out of Sri Lanka inreuniting the country for the first time in over a century. InKalinga Maghaa South Indian with uncertain origins, identified as the founder of the Jaffna kingdom, invaded and captured the Kingdom of Polonnaruwa.

He sailed from Kalinga [76] nautical miles on large ships with a 24, strong army. Unlike previous invaders, he lootedransacked, and destroyed everything in the ancient Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa Kingdoms beyond recovery.

His reign saw the massive migration of native Sinhalese people to the south and west of Sri Lanka, and into the mountainous interior, in a bid to escape his power. The north, in the meanwhile, eventually evolved into the Jaffna kingdom. Chinese admiral Zheng He and his naval expeditionary force landed at Galle, Sri Lanka in and got into battle with the local king Vira Alakesvara of Gampola.

Zheng He captured King Vira Alakesvara and later released him. Thomlin at Galle in and is now preserved in the Colombo National Museum. Kandyan period See also: Inafter decades of intermittent warfare with the Portuguese, Vimaladharmasuriya I moved his kingdom to the inland city of Kandya location he thought more secure from attack.

Inthe king signed a treaty with the Dutch East India Company to get rid of the Portuguese who ruled most of the coastal areas.Heather DuBois is the program associate for the Religion and Conflict Resolution Program at the Tanenbaum Center for Interreligious Understanding.

Food and Economy Food in Daily Life. Sri Lanka's staple meal is a large serving of rice accompanied by up to twelve different side dishes of vegetables, egg, meat, or fish stewed together with peppers, spices, and often coconut milk.

Religion, after all, is a powerful constituent of cultural norms and values, and because it addresses the most profound existential issues of human life (e.g., freedom and inevitability, fear and faith, security and insecurity, right and wrong, sacred and profane), religion is deeply implicated in individual and social conceptions of peace.

Volunteer in Sri Lanka with International Volunteer HQ on a wide range of volunteer abroad projects, including Childcare, Wild Elephant Conservation, Medical, Teaching and Temple Renovation. Volunteers are based in Kandy and rural and coastal locations within Sri Lanka.

Companies have to negotiate in numerous areas of organizational conflict. Negotiation is an open process for two parties to find an acceptable. Policy Development Studies. Number 8. POPULATION AND CONFLICT: NEW DIMENSIONS OF POPULATION DYNAMICS.

Nazli Choucri.

Sri lanka conflict resolution case study

United Nations Fund for Population Activities.

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