Bya rift had divided the Federalists. Outraged, some partisans went so far as to start looking for an alternative Federalist candidate to replace their current president in
It was established on January 25, with an aim to define and control the process for The election process essay conducted at various levels: In other words, the ECI ensures smooth and successful functioning of the democracy. Role of Election Commission of India In its assigned role, the most crucial challenge before the Election Commission of India is to implement norms and the Model Code of Conduct to ensure free and fair elections in the country.
Its existence and independence are necessitated by history, which has shown that democratic elections are not free from sabotage.
Towards this end, it has been empowered to oversee political parties and candidates and take appropriate action in case of violations. The Deputy Election Commissioners and Director Generals are the senior-most officers in the secretariat.
The President of India appoints the Chief Election Commissioner of Indiawho serves for six years and must retire at the age of He can be removed from his office through the process of impeachment, which needs to be carried out in the Parliament. The Election Commission of India is considered the custodian of free and fair elections.
It issues the Model Code of Conduct in every election for political parties and candidates so that the dignity of democracy is maintained. It regulates political parties and registers them for being eligible to contest elections.
It publishes the allowed limits of campaign expenditure per candidate to all the political parties, and also monitors the same. The political parties must submit their annual reports to the ECI for getting tax benefit on contributions.
It ensures that all the political parties regularly submit their audited financial reports. Some of the powers wielded by the Election Commission are as follows: The Commission can suppress the results of opinion polls if it deems such an action fit for the cause of democracy. The Commission can advise for disqualification of members after the elections if it thinks they have violated certain guidelines.
In case, a candidate is found guilty of corrupt practices during the elections, the Supreme Court and High Courts consult the Commission.
The Commission can suspend candidates who fail to submit their election expense accounts timely. New Initiatives taken by Election Commission In order to bring about various improvements and reforms in the election procedure, the ECI has taken numerous steps.
Some of them are as follows: With the help of EVMs, chances of any discrepancies in terms of counting of ballots are almost nil. Moreover, the introduction of technology has just made a quick verdict possible as it just takes three to four days to declare the results.
The website of the ECI was launched on February 28, to provide accurate information and instant results of the elections. From the elections, these were made mandatory.
A few more initiatives taken in recent years by the ECI are: New guidelines for broadcasting on State-owned electronic media. Inspection of instances of criminalisation in politics. Simplification of account maintenance and filing.
Measures for better enforcement of the Model Code of Conduct. An additional Model Code of Conduct, applicable only to news media, is yet to be formulated to ensure free, fair and unbiased media coverage of elections in India.
The recommendations of the Election Commission are generally upheld by the Ministry of Finance. The concerned states and the Union Territories have to manage the expenses of elections being held, but it is the Union Government who bears the expenses of the Lok Sabha parliamentary elections entirely.
In case of the legislative assembly elections, the concerned State bears the expenses. If the Lok Sabha Parliamentary and the assembly elections are taking place at the same time, the gross expenditure is equally shared amongst the Union Government and the concerned state s. Address and Contact details.The United States presidential election of , the 45th quadrennial American presidential election, was held on Tuesday, November 3, Incumbent Democratic President Lyndon B.
Johnson defeated Barry Goldwater, the Republican nominee.
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With % of the popular vote, Johnson won the largest share of the popular vote of any candidate since the largely uncontested election. Presidential candidate Andrés Manuel López Obrador speaking to the press in Mexico City, on March 7, In less than five months, Mexico will have a presidential election that is mostly being described by US and international media commentators as a perilous undertaking.
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